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Total Depravity: Is it biblical?

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#1
OzSpen

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This is a continuation of Stan's topic of T.U.L.I.P.

 

What do Calvinists believe about Total Depravity? The Center for Reformed Theology and Apologetics, in its explanation of TULIP, stated:

 

Total Depravity (Total Inability)

Total Depravity is probably the most misunderstood tenet of Calvinism. When Calvinists speak of humans as "totally depraved," they are making an extensive, rather than an intensive statement. The effect of the fall upon man is that sin has extended to every part of his personality -- his thinking, his emotions, and his will. Not necessarily that he is intensely sinful, but that sin has extended to his entire being.

 

The unregenerate (unsaved) man is dead in his sins (Romans 5:12). Without the power of the Holy Spirit, the natural man is blind and deaf to the message of the gospel (Mark 4:11f). This is why Total Depravity has also been called "Total Inability." The man without a knowledge of God will never come to this knowledge without God's making him alive through Christ (Ephesians 2:1-5).

 

Charles Spurgeon in his sermon, ‘Free will – a slave’ (preached in December 1855), was opposing Arminian theology when he stated,

 

‘It has already been proved beyond all controversy that free-will is nonsense. Freedom cannot belong to will any more than ponderability can belong to electricity. They are altogether different things. Free agency we may believe in, but free-will is simply ridiculous. The will is well known by all to be directed by the understanding, to be moved by motives, to be guided by other parts of the soul, and to be a secondary thing (Sermon No. 52).

 

What do Arminians believe about total depravity? Why don't you read this article from the Society of Evangelical Arminians: ‘The FACTS of Salvation,T: Total Depravity‘?

 

 

Article 3 of the Five Articles of Remonstrance states:

Article 3
That man has not saving grace of himself, nor of the energy of his free will, inasmuch as he, in the state of apostasy and sin, can of and by himself neither think, will, nor do any thing that is truly good (such as saving Faith eminently is); but that it is needful that he be born again of God in Christ, through his Holy Spirit, and renewed in understanding, inclination, or will, and all his powers, in order that he may rightly understand, think, will, and effect what is truly good, according to the Word of Christ, John 15:5, “Without me ye can do nothing.

 

These 5 articles of Remonstrance were in a document composed in 1610 by the followers of Arminius (1560-1609). A 'remonstrance' is 'an expression of opposition or protest'. It was a protest against the Calvinistic doctrine of predestination contained in the Belgic Confession. This is what led to the followers of Arminius being called Remonstrants.

 

What did Jacobus Arminius believe about Total Depravity? In one of his disputations, he wrote:

 

V. In the state of Primitive Innocence, man had a mind endued with a clear understanding of heavenly light and truth concerning God, and his works and will, as far as was sufficient for the salvation of man and the glory of God; he had a heart imbued with “righteousness and true holiness,” and with a true and saving love of good; and powers abundantly qualified or furnished perfectly to fulfill the law which God had imposed on him. This admits easily of proof, from the description of the image of God, after which man is said to have been created, (Gen. i. 26, 27,) from the law divinely imposed on him, which had a promise and a threat appended to it, (ii, 17,) and lastly from the analogous restoration of the same image in Christ Jesus. (Ephes. iv. 24, Col. iii. 10.)

 

VI. But man was not so confirmed in this state of innocence, as to be incapable of being moved, by the representation presented to him of some good, (whether it was of an inferior kind and relating to this animal life, or of a superior-kind and relating to spiritual life,) inordinately and unlawfully to look upon it and to desire it, and of his own spontaneous as well as free motion, and through a preposterous desire for that good, to decline from the obedience which had been prescribed to him. Nay, having turned away from the light of his own mind and his chief good, which is God, or, at least, having turned towards that chief good not in the manner in which he ought to have done, and besides having turned in mind and heart towards an inferior good, he transgressed the command given to him for life. By this foul deed, he precipitated himself from that noble and elevated condition into a state of the deepest infelicity, which is Under The Dominion of Sin. For “to whom any one yields himself a servant to obey,” (Rom. vi. 16,) and “of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage,” and is his regularly assigned slave. (2 Pet. ii. 19.)

 

VII. In this state, the free will of man towards the true good is not only wounded, maimed, infirm, bent, and weakened; but it is also imprisoned, destroyed, and lost. And its powers are not only debilitated and useless unless they be assisted by grace, but it has no powers whatever except such as are excited by Divine grace. For Christ has said, “Without me ye can do nothing.” St. Augustine, after having diligently meditated upon each word in this passage, speaks thus: “Christ does not say, without me ye can do but Little; neither does He say, without me ye can do any Arduous Thing, nor without me ye can do it with difficulty. But he says, without me ye can do Nothing! Nor does he say, without me ye cannot complete any thing; but without me ye can do Nothing.” That this may be made more manifestly to appear, we will separately consider the mind, the affections or will, and the capability, as contra-distinguished from them, as well as the life itself of an unregenerate man (Arminius 1977:525-526).

 

Jacobus (James) Arminius and Reformed/Classical Arminians both believe in Total Depravity.

Therefore, both Calvinists and Classical Arminians affirm the total depravity of every human being. This follows Luther's understanding of the Psalms, Romans and Galatians. Total depravity or total inability means that every part of the human being - the will, intellect, affections and human actions - is corrupted with sin.

 

The challenge to us biblically is: Does Scripture support this view? Let's pursue that in this thread.

 

Works consulted

 

Arminius, J. 1977 The writings of James Arminius, vol. 1, Public disputations of Arminius, Disputation 11 (On the free will of man and its powers), 523-531. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. Available at: Works of James Arminius, Vol. 1 – Christian Classics Ethereal Library (Accessed 8 January 2017).


Edited by OzSpen, 07 January 2017 - 02:41 PM.

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#2
Wormwood

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Oz,

What you have said is true. Yet there are various stripes of Arminianism. One of the differences is concerning HOW that grace is received. The traditional view of Total Depravity espoused by most Calvinists argue that all people are totally depraved and are only saved as a result of God's predetermined election. Many "Arminians," differentiate from that stance in the sense of how Christ's grace works for humanity. Some argue that although all humans are totally depraved, God's prevenienng grace was made available to all humanity at the cross. Thus, just as Adam's sin caused the world to be plunged into darkness, Christ's resurrection brought an initial work of grace to all human kind by which they have the power to see and accept the grace of God in Christ if they so choose. So, while in a sense, these Arminians believe in the concept of Total Depravity, they reject that human beings today are totally depraved.

Other Arminians, such as John Wesley, while believing Total Depravity applies to all humans today, believe that every time the Gospel is preached, the Spirit provides previenient grace so that the person has the power to accept or reject of their own free will.

Finally, some just reject the concept altogether.

In any event, I agree that many Arminians do not reject the doctrine of Total Depravity, however, they DO reject it completely in the manner that Calvinists apply the doctrine (namely that all humans are incapable of responding to the Gospel of their own free will and can only do so if God has predetermined their election.

Im sure you are aware of this, but I wanted to clarify for the readers because the issue isn't so much the doctrine, as such, but how it is applied and to whom it relates.
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#3
OzSpen

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Oz,

What you have said is true. Yet there are various stripes of Arminianism. One of the differences is concerning HOW that grace is received. The traditional view of Total Depravity espoused by most Calvinists argue that all people are totally depraved and are only saved as a result of God's predetermined election. Many "Arminians," differentiate from that stance in the sense of how Christ's grace works for humanity. Some argue that although all humans are totally depraved, God's prevenienng grace was made available to all humanity at the cross. Thus, just as Adam's sin caused the world to be plunged into darkness, Christ's resurrection brought an initial work of grace to all human kind by which they have the power to see and accept the grace of God in Christ if they so choose. So, while in a sense, these Arminians believe in the concept of Total Depravity, they reject that human beings today are totally depraved.

Other Arminians, such as John Wesley, while believing Total Depravity applies to all humans today, believe that every time the Gospel is preached, the Spirit provides previenient grace so that the person has the power to accept or reject of their own free will.

Finally, some just reject the concept altogether.

In any event, I agree that many Arminians do not reject the doctrine of Total Depravity, however, they DO reject it completely in the manner that Calvinists apply the doctrine (namely that all humans are incapable of responding to the Gospel of their own free will and can only do so if God has predetermined their election.

Im sure you are aware of this, but I wanted to clarify for the readers because the issue isn't so much the doctrine, as such, but how it is applied and to whom it relates.

 

Wormwood,

 

You are not dealing with the issue I raised. Arminius, Calvinists and the Remonstrants, i.e. Classical/Reformed Arminianism, all agreed with the doctrine of total depravity. I made it clear that I was referring to Classical Arminianism.

 

You have moved to another topic of how people are saved when they are totally depraved. That's the topic of the next Calvinistic point, Unconditional Election. That's not the topic I'm raising.

 

My question remains: What is the biblical evidence for the doctrine of total depravity as defined by both Calvinists and Classical Arminians?

 

Oz


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#4
FHII

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To repeat the question:

Does the Bible support the notion that every part of the human being - the will, intellect, affections and human actions - is corrupted with sin?

There are many verses that come to mind that support the affirmative. That is, IF we are talking about the flesh and not the spiritual man (which would not be human).

Romans 3:23 KJV
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;


Romans 3:10 KJV
As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

Psalm 14:3 KJV
They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

Mark 10:18 KJV
And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is , God.

Romans 5:12-13 KJV
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: [13] (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

I espescially like these last two verses from Rom 5. Many say sin is transgression of the law, but these verses show it was in the world before the law and attributes it to Adam.

You can also see evidence in Rom 8:22, 1 Cor 15:42-50, Mat 19:25-26.... And many other places. Galatians, Ephesians, Romans 7... The very fact that the law of grace through faith was instituted bears witness. Unless there is a human being who doesn't need grace.
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#5
Wormwood

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Personally I do not hold to the doctrine of total depravity. I believe in partial depravity. So I would say it is not biblical. However, my point is that even though many Arminians agree with the doctrine as it relates to humanity after the fall, most do not believe it applies today, post resurrrection. That was all I was trying to say.

I think the reason why many Arminians defend the doctrine in principle is because they are concerned about the slope toward Pelagianism that suggests the possibility of a person being capable of living a sin free life. To me, I believe in partial depravity. I believe all are partially depraved in that they have an unconquerable bent toward sin, but they still maintain the power to recognize and accept the truth. I think the Bible teaches this clearly. So I agree with you that the Bible does not teach this doctrine.
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#6
OzSpen

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To repeat the question:

Does the Bible support the notion that every part of the human being - the will, intellect, affections and human actions - is corrupted with sin?

There are many verses that come to mind that support the affirmative. That is, IF we are talking about the flesh and not the spiritual man (which would not be human).

Romans 3:23 KJV
For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;


Romans 3:10 KJV
As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:

Psalm 14:3 KJV
They are all gone aside, they are all together become filthy: there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

Mark 10:18 KJV
And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is , God.

Romans 5:12-13 KJV
Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: [13] (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.

I espescially like these last two verses from Rom 5. Many say sin is transgression of the law, but these verses show it was in the world before the law and attributes it to Adam.

You can also see evidence in Rom 8:22, 1 Cor 15:42-50, Mat 19:25-26.... And many other places. Galatians, Ephesians, Romans 7... The very fact that the law of grace through faith was instituted bears witness. Unless there is a human being who doesn't need grace.

 

Those are excellent verses to demonstrate that all human beings are sinful but they don't demonstrate that all human beings are totally depraved as in the sense defined in the OP.


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#7
FHII

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Those are excellent verses to demonstrate that all human beings are sinful but they don't demonstrate that all human beings are totally depraved as in the sense defined in the OP.


I quote the OP:

"Total depravity or total inability means that every part of the human being - the will, intellect, affections and human actions - is corrupted with sin."

I tend to read sentances and essays word by word. I tend to consider each individual word as important. Thus, I sense you are noting the terms "all" and "every".

You agree that all humans are sinful. I disagee but that brings us to a discussion of grace. But for the moment I will agree.

All humans are depraved. Are all humans totally.... I say TOTALLY depraved?

Yes.

In the eyes of God if you are guilty of one sin you are guilty of all sin.

James 2:10 KJV
For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point , he is guilty of all.

Paul and Jesus made similar statements. Jesus raised the bar in fact, that if you so much think to sin, you are guilty of doing it.

So if your arguement is that you aren't totally depraved because you haven't committed murder, but you wear polyester.... Doesn't matter. You are still guilty of all.

What does a little leaven do to the whole lump?
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#8
OzSpen

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Personally I do not hold to the doctrine of total depravity. I believe in partial depravity. So I would say it is not biblical. However, my point is that even though many Arminians agree with the doctrine as it relates to humanity after the fall, most do not believe it applies today, post resurrrection. That was all I was trying to say.

I think the reason why many Arminians defend the doctrine in principle is because they are concerned about the slope toward Pelagianism that suggests the possibility of a person being capable of living a sin free life. To me, I believe in partial depravity. I believe all are partially depraved in that they have an unconquerable bent toward sin, but they still maintain the power to recognize and accept the truth. I think the Bible teaches this clearly. So I agree with you that the Bible does not teach this doctrine.

 

Since you believe in 'partial depravity', why don't you defend it biblically? I saw not one Scripture in this post to support your position.

 

A Pelagian is a follower of Pelagius (ca. AD 260-340) who was a British monk and theologian, described by Jerome as ‘weighed down with the porridge of the Scots’ (in Cairns 1981:137). He went to Rome about 400 and joined with Celestius to help formulate a view on how human beings can be saved. St Augustine of Hippo (ca. AD 354-430) would not participate. Pelagius reached the conclusion that he

 

was more willing to give the human will a place in the process of salvation. But Augustine had found his will helpless to extricate him from the morass of sin in which he found himself because of his sinful nature.

 

Pelagius believed that each man is created free as Adam was and that each man has the power to choose good or evil. Each soul is a separate creation of God and, therefore, uncontaminated by the sin of Adam. The universality of sin in the world is explained by the weakness of human flesh rather than by the corruption of the human will by original sin. Man does not inherit original sin from his first ancestors, although the sins of individuals of the past generation do weaken the flesh of the present generation do weaken the flesh of the present generation so that sins are committed unless the individual wills to cooperate with God in the process of salvation. The human will is free to cooperate with God in the attainment of holiness and can make use of such aids to grace as the Bible, reason, and the example of Christ. Because there is no original sin, infant baptism is not an essential element of salvation (Cairns 1981:137).

 

Pelagians do not believe in original sin (and some other unorthodox beliefs).

 

As I examine the Scriptures, I find that all human beings sinned in Adam our representative head of the human race and are guilty (Rom 5:12 ESV), even before they commit acts of personal sin. All human beings have a sinful  nature (Rom 7:21-25 ESV) and are condemned because of this sin that we inherited from Adam. Adam's offence made human beings sinners (see Rom 5:19). According to Rom 7:18 (ESV), nothing good dwells in the human flesh.

Ephesians 4:17-18 (ESV) puts the human condition starkly, 'Now this I say and testify in the Lord, that you must no longer walk as the Gentiles do, in the futility of their minds. 18 They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, due to their hardness of heart'.

 

Oz

Works consulted

Cairns, E E 1981. Christianity through the Centuries: A History of the Christian Church, rev & enl ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House.
 


Edited by OzSpen, 07 January 2017 - 10:20 PM.

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#9
OzSpen

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I quote the OP:

"Total depravity or total inability means that every part of the human being - the will, intellect, affections and human actions - is corrupted with sin."

I tend to read sentances and essays word by word. I tend to consider each individual word as important. Thus, I sense you are noting the terms "all" and "every".

You agree that all humans are sinful. I disagee but that brings us to a discussion of grace. But for the moment I will agree.

All humans are depraved. Are all humans totally.... I say TOTALLY depraved?

Yes.

In the eyes of God if you are guilty of one sin you are guilty of all sin.

James 2:10 KJV
For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point , he is guilty of all.

Paul and Jesus made similar statements. Jesus raised the bar in fact, that if you so much think to sin, you are guilty of doing it.

So if your arguement is that you aren't totally depraved because you haven't committed murder, but you wear polyester.... Doesn't matter. You are still guilty of all.

What does a little leaven do to the whole lump?

 

In the OP, I provided you with 2 prominent explanations in support of total depravity of all human beings - the Calvinistic and Arminian theologies.

 

I did not give my biblical explanation.

 

If your view is correct, then what's the point of the parable of the good Samaritan?


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#10
FHII

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In the OP, I provided you with 2 prominent explanations in support of total depravity of all human beings - the Calvinistic and Arminian theologies.

I did not give my biblical explanation.

If your view is correct, then what's the point of the parable of the good Samaritan?


You are correct. You orovided me with two prominent explanations and your summary of them. All of which I found pretty boring. But i labored through them. You did not give a Biblical explanation but I did..

So what? Are you somehow saying I said you did? I don't respond to innuendos. Not kindly, anyway.

You asked a question and I responded with full Biblical support.

If you are going to ask about the good samaritan, then explain what you think it means. Otherwise i will ask how it relates to sameul hacking his generals to pieces.

In other words, you are asking a question without context. I know the proper context, and I know the false.


Read in context.

Edited by FHII, 07 January 2017 - 11:42 PM.

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#11
justaname

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Article 3 of the Five Articles of Remonstrance states:

Article 3
That man has not saving grace of himself, nor of the energy of his free will, inasmuch as he, in the state of apostasy and sin, can of and by himself neither think, will, nor do any thing that is truly good (such as saving Faith eminently is); but that it is needful that he be born again of God in Christ, through his Holy Spirit, and renewed in understanding, inclination, or will, and all his powers, in order that he may rightly understand, think, will, and effect what is truly good, according to the Word of Christ, John 15:5, “Without me ye can do nothing.

I do understand both Arminius and Calvin agreed concerning total depravity, yet is there any slight difference of opinion or nuance concerning this doctrine that you are aware of?

These 5 articles of Remonstrance were in a document composed in 1610 by the followers of Arminius (1560-1609). A 'remonstrance' is 'an expression of opposition or protest'. It was a protest against the Calvinistic doctrine of predestination contained in the Belgic Confession. This is what led to the followers of Arminius being called Remonstrants.

What did Jacobus Arminius believe about Total Depravity? In one of his disputations, he wrote:


V. In the state of Primitive Innocence, man had a mind endued with a clear understanding of heavenly light and truth concerning God, and his works and will, as far as was sufficient for the salvation of man and the glory of God; he had a heart imbued with “righteousness and true holiness,” and with a true and saving love of good; and powers abundantly qualified or furnished perfectly to fulfill the law which God had imposed on him. This admits easily of proof, from the description of the image of God, after which man is said to have been created, (Gen. i. 26, 27,) from the law divinely imposed on him, which had a promise and a threat appended to it, (ii, 17,) and lastly from the analogous restoration of the same image in Christ Jesus. (Ephes. iv. 24, Col. iii. 10.)

This may not be the direction you want to proceed and maybe I am incorrect in my interpretation yet I see this article as making inferences into the Biblical narrative that I am uncertain how clear conclusions are drawn from the evidence given in the text. The term "Primitive Innocence" likely refers to the condition of man before the fall. From this state of innocence Arminius describes, "a clear understanding of heavenly light and truth concerning God." This statement is supported with the "imago dei" that I affirm. I also affirm the creation was declared "very good" in the Scripture (Genesis 1:31), and man as being apportioned to that declaration, yet how far are we to speculate concerning the depth of man's knowledge and understanding in regards to the heavenly light and of God's work and will? I think we would both agree man is not omniscient in this innocent state. Without question we can declare this understanding is clear of darkness being man is yet to be stained with sin, but how far does this understanding reach? Where I disagree is how Arminius ascribes this same clear understanding to being "sufficient for the salvation of man". If this "clear understanding" is pre-fall, what is man in need of salvation from and how is Adam in possession of this knowledge? Then Adam surely was unaware of the shape of God's glory as it applies to each of us in this day and age. This understanding could only come post-fall and could only be deduced vaguely from the protoevangelium.

VI. But man was not so confirmed in this state of innocence, as to be incapable of being moved, by the representation presented to him of some good, (whether it was of an inferior kind and relating to this animal life, or of a superior-kind and relating to spiritual life,) inordinately and unlawfully to look upon it and to desire it, and of his own spontaneous as well as free motion, and through a preposterous desire for that good, to decline from the obedience which had been prescribed to him. Nay, having turned away from the light of his own mind and his chief good, which is God, or, at least, having turned towards that chief good not in the manner in which he ought to have done, and besides having turned in mind and heart towards an inferior good, he transgressed the command given to him for life. By this foul deed, he precipitated himself from that noble and elevated condition into a state of the deepest infelicity, which is Under The Dominion of Sin. For “to whom any one yields himself a servant to obey,” (Rom. vi. 16,) and “of whom a man is overcome, of the same is he brought in bondage,” and is his regularly assigned slave. (2 Pet. ii. 19.)


VII. In this state, the free will of man towards the true good is not only wounded, maimed, infirm, bent, and weakened; but it is also imprisoned, destroyed, and lost. And its powers are not only debilitated and useless unless they be assisted by grace, but it has no powers whatever except such as are excited by Divine grace. For Christ has said, “Without me ye can do nothing.” St. Augustine, after having diligently meditated upon each word in this passage, speaks thus: “Christ does not say, without me ye can do but Little; neither does He say, without me ye can do any Arduous Thing, nor without me ye can do it with difficulty. But he says, without me ye can do Nothing! Nor does he say, without me ye cannot complete any thing; but without me ye can do Nothing.” That this may be made more manifestly to appear, we will separately consider the mind, the affections or will, and the capability, as contra-distinguished from them, as well as the life itself of an unregenerate man (Arminius 1977:525-526).


Jacobus (James) Arminius and Reformed/Classical Arminians both believe in Total Depravity.
Therefore, both Calvinists and Classical Arminians affirm the total depravity of every human being. This follows Luther's understanding of the Psalms, Romans and Galatians. Total depravity or total inability means that every part of the human being - the will, intellect, affections and human actions - is corrupted with sin.

The challenge to us biblically is: Does Scripture support this view? Let's pursue that in this thread.

Works consulted

Arminius, J. 1977 The writings of James Arminius, vol. 1, Public disputations of Arminius, Disputation 11 (On the free will of man and its powers), 523-531. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. Available at: Works of James Arminius, Vol. 1 – Christian Classics Ethereal Library (Accessed 8 January 2017).
The remainder I tend to agree with and affirm this doctrine.

Romans 8:7
The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God's law, nor can it do so.

What man outside the salvific grace of God is not in bondage, indeed slaves to sin, and dead in their transgressions? Is there an unregenerate whose mind is not set on the flesh? What man outside the power and influence of the Holy Spirit is able to proclaim Jesus as Lord? (1 Corinthians 12:3) When it is stated in Scripture, “There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands; there is no one who seeks God. All have turned away,they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.” are we to deduce some are righteous or some are good; do we interpret this to mean some men seek God?

No, I see this as emphatic by the apostle: all are shut up in bondage to sin and in open rebellion to God. The depths of sin are felt in the intellect (Romans 1:28, Ephesians 4:18), the will (Jeremiah 17:9), the desires (Proverbs 21:10, Ephesians 4:22, Romans 7:5), and actions (Romans 3:23).

A recent search produced:

http://traviscarden....vity-verse-list
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You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment. The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.

#12
Jun2u

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I believe in the total depravity of man as concerning the things of God.

 

What about “human kindness?”

 

For example, the work of Mother Theresa and those in relief organizations worldwide who do good work? They must have worked with joy in their hearts.

 

Can we say they are partially depraved?

 

Just a thought.


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#13
FHII

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I believe in the total depravity of man as concerning the things of God.

What about “human kindness?”

For example, the work of Mother Theresa and those in relief organizations worldwide who do good work? They must have worked with joy in their hearts.

Can we say they are partially depraved?

Just a thought.



That is an interesting thought and I would never take away from human acts of kindness. I applaud all acts of kindness. They aren't proof of faith nor are they righteous.

Isaiah 64:6 KJV
But we are all as an unclean thing , and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
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#14
OzSpen

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I do understand both Arminius and Calvin agreed concerning total depravity, yet is there any slight difference of opinion or nuance concerning this doctrine that you are aware of?

 

Those nuances, as I understand them, tend to be related more to the application, i.e. penetrating total depravity with the Gospel and the human being's ability or inability to respond to the Gospel when preached or shared.

 

 

This may not be the direction you want to proceed and maybe I am incorrect in my interpretation yet I see this article as making inferences into the Biblical narrative that I am uncertain how clear conclusions are drawn from the evidence given in the text. The term "Primitive Innocence" likely refers to the condition of man before the fall. From this state of innocence Arminius describes, "a clear understanding of heavenly light and truth concerning God." This statement is supported with the "imago dei" that I affirm. I also affirm the creation was declared "very good" in the Scripture (Genesis 1:31), and man as being apportioned to that declaration, yet how far are we to speculate concerning the depth of man's knowledge and understanding in regards to the heavenly light and of God's work and will? I think we would both agree man is not omniscient in this innocent state. Without question we can declare this understanding is clear of darkness being man is yet to be stained with sin, but how far does this understanding reach? Where I disagree is how Arminius ascribes this same clear understanding to being "sufficient for the salvation of man". If this "clear understanding" is pre-fall, what is man in need of salvation from and how is Adam in possession of this knowledge? Then Adam surely was unaware of the shape of God's glory as it applies to each of us in this day and age. This understanding could only come post-fall and could only be deduced vaguely from the protoevangelium.

 

The problem of inferences could be related to the fact I've only given this one snippet from the 3 published volumes of the Works of Arminius. I've read a lot of his material and I do wish he would have provided more biblical references to support his points than he does. However, that was a feature of some writings of his era.

 

I agree with you that Arminius could be reading between the lines of the implications of the innocence of Adam before the Fall.

 

This is what Arminius meant by 'primitive innocence’:

 

 

This is my opinion concerning the free-will of man: In his primitive condition as he came out of the hands of his creator, man was endowed with such a portion of knowledge, holiness and power, as enabled him to understand, esteem, consider, will, and to perform the true good, according to the commandment delivered to him. Yet none of these acts could he do, except through the assistance of Divine Grace. But in his lapsed and sinful state, man is not capable, of and by himself, either to think, to will, or to do that which is really good; but it is necessary for him to be regenerated and renewed in his intellect, affections or will, and in all his powers, by God in Christ through the Holy Spirit, that he may be qualified rightly to understand, esteem, consider, will, and perform whatever is truly good. When he is made a partaker of this regeneration or renovation, I consider that, since he is delivered from sin, he is capable of thinking, willing and doing that which is good, but yet not without the continued aids of Divine Grace (Arminius 1977:252-253) .

 

I do wish he had have referenced his various statements here. We can fill in some of the blanks biblically, but I struggle to find biblical material to support this statement: 'Man was endowed with such a portion of knowledge, holiness and power, as enabled him to understand, esteem, consider, will, and to perform the true good, according to the commandment delivered to him'. Perhaps you and others can assist me with biblical support. An understanding of being made in the image of God (Gen 1:27 NLT) could lead to a view parallel with Arminius's.

 

Like you, I also struggle with an understanding of the depth or comprehensive knowledge and wisdom given to Adam before the Fall. We could spend a lot of time examining the biblical material and theological understanding of the image of God. There have been some provocative articles written against the 'god' of Arminianism like, 'The "god" of Arminianism is not worshippable'. I have read some provocative articles against Calvinism, like: 'The monster God of Calvinism'.

 

 

The remainder I tend to agree with and affirm this doctrine.

Romans 8:7
The mind governed by the flesh is hostile to God; it does not submit to God's law, nor can it do so.

What man outside the salvific grace of God is not in bondage, indeed slaves to sin, and dead in their transgressions? Is there an unregenerate whose mind is not set on the flesh? What man outside the power and influence of the Holy Spirit is able to proclaim Jesus as Lord? (1 Corinthians 12:3) When it is stated in Scripture, “There is no one righteous, not even one; there is no one who understands; there is no one who seeks God. All have turned away,they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one.” are we to deduce some are righteous or some are good; do we interpret this to mean some men seek God?

No, I see this as emphatic by the apostle: all are shut up in bondage to sin and in open rebellion to God. The depths of sin are felt in the intellect (Romans 1:28, Ephesians 4:18), the will (Jeremiah 17:9), the desires (Proverbs 21:10, Ephesians 4:22, Romans 7:5), and actions (Romans 3:23).

A recent search produced:

http://traviscarden....vity-verse-list

 

I'm not convinced Rom 8:7 describes total depravity. It does describe the resistance of the natural person to God but it doesn't deal with the comprehensiveness or partial reality of depravity.

 

The issue still gets down to how that salvific grace is effected. Is it irresistible grace (Calvinism) or prevenient grace (Arminianism)? That debate is for another thread.

 

You mentioned 'dead in their transgressions'. This is from Eph 2:1-2 (NLT), where it tells us how that came to be: 'Once you were dead because of your disobedience and your many sins. You used to live in sin, just like the rest of the world, obeying the devil—the commander of the powers in the unseen world. He is the spirit at work in the hearts of those who refuse to obey God'.

 

This deadness to Gospel things in caused by:

  • Disobedience;
  • Many sins [of thought and action, I presume];
  • Living in sin, like the world does;
  • Obeying the devil;
  • The devil works in the hearts of those who refuse to obey God;
  • So, there is a choice - they refuse.

I think I've given enough response for you, me and others to chew on.

 

Regards,

Oz

 

Works consulted

Arminius, J., 1977. Complete Works of Arminius, vol 1, Declaration of Sentiments, 5.3. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House.


Edited by OzSpen, 08 January 2017 - 11:55 PM.

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#15
justaname

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Those nuances, as I understand them, tend to be related more to the application, i.e. penetrating total depravity with the Gospel and the human being's ability or inability to respond to the Gospel when preached or shared.
 
 
The problem of inferences could be related to the fact I've only given this one snippet from the 3 published volumes of the Works of Arminius. I've read a lot of his material and I do wish he would have provided more biblical references to support his points than he does. However, that was a feature of some writings of his era.
 
I agree with you that Arminius could be reading between the lines of the implications of the innocence of Adam before the Fall.
 
This is what Arminius meant by 'primitive innocence’:
 
 
I do wish he had have referenced his various statements here. We can fill in some of the blanks biblically, but I struggle to find biblical material to support this statement: 'Man was endowed with such a portion of knowledge, holiness and power, as enabled him to understand, esteem, consider, will, and to perform the true good, according to the commandment delivered to him'. Perhaps you and others can assist me with biblical support. An understanding of being made in the image of God (Gen 1:27 NLT) could lead to a view parallel with Arminius's.
 
Like you, I also struggle with an understanding of the depth or comprehensive knowledge and wisdom given to Adam before the Fall. We could spend a lot of time examining the biblical material and theological understanding of the image of God. There have been some provocative articles written against the 'god' of Arminianism like, 'The "god" of Arminianism is not worshippable'. I have read some provocative articles against Calvinism, like: 'The monster God of Calvinism'.
 
 
I'm not convinced Rom 8:7 describes total depravity. It does describe the resistance of the natural person to God but it doesn't deal with the comprehensiveness or partial reality of depravity.
 
The issue still gets down to how that salvific grace is effected. Is it irresistible grace (Calvinism) or prevenient grace (Arminianism)? That debate is for another thread.
 
You mentioned 'dead in their transgressions'. This is from Eph 2:1-2 (NLT), where it tells us how that came to be: 'Once you were dead because of your disobedience and your many sins. You used to live in sin, just like the rest of the world, obeying the devil—the commander of the powers in the unseen world. He is the spirit at work in the hearts of those who refuse to obey God'.
 
This deadness to Gospel things in caused by:

  • Disobedience;
  • Many sins [of thought and action, I presume];
  • Living in sin, like the world does;
  • Obeying the devil;
  • The devil works in the hearts of those who refuse to obey God;
  • So, there is a choice - they refuse.
I think I've given enough response for you, me and others to chew on.
 
Regards,
Oz
 
Works consulted
Arminius, J., 1977. Complete Works of Arminius, vol 1, Declaration of Sentiments, 5.3. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House.


See also:

Colossians 2:13 - And you, who were dead in your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh, God made alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses

I want to note God is the active party in the "made alive" portion of the statement.

And I think it prudent to complete the apostle's thought starting at Ephesians 2:3:

Among them we too all formerly lived in the lusts of our flesh, indulging the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, even as the rest. 4 But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, 5 even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),

Again God makes the dead come to life with Christ! This is attributed to His mercy and grace.

But speaking to the depth of depravity note the apostle says we were "by nature children of wrath". This is a telling statement concerning the human condition in that it is human nature to be a child of wrath outside of God's grace.

Descriptive terms:
children of wrath
sons of disobedience
all formerly lived
following the course of this world
following the prince of the power of the air
even as the rest (meaning the rest of mankind, Non-Christians)
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You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment. The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.

#16
Jun2u

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That is an interesting thought and I would never take away from human acts of kindness. I applaud all acts of kindness. They aren't proof of faith nor are they righteous.

Isaiah 64:6 KJV
But we are all as an unclean thing , and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

 

Isaiah 64:6 is dealing with the fundamental principle that we are all sinners. It does not speak of good works.

 

How can we reconcile Isaiah 64:6 or any other scriptures that deals with sin with Mark 14:6 and 1Timothy 3:1 which reads:

 

Mark 14:6

And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.

 

1 Timothy 3:1

This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.

 

 

To God Be The Glory


Edited by Jun2u, 09 January 2017 - 02:04 PM.

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#17
Wormwood

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Here is my support for partial depravity and biblical argument against total depravity:

 

PARTIAL DEPRAVITY

Adam's sin had physical effects on all his progeny (arduous labor, pain in childbirth, physical death) - Genesis 3:16-19

We are by nature children of wrath (Eph. 2:3) (note: this verse does NOT speak of divine appointment as the cause for this label.  Rather, Eph. 2:1 refers to the person's sins they have committed, not Adam's sin and guilt passed down to that person).

The work of Christ was MORE significant than Adam's sin.  The idea that the grace of Christ only reaches to a small group of pre-elect individuals goes against the clear teaching of Romans 5:12-19.  These verses make it very clear that as bad as the evil that Adam committed and its subsequent consequences, the grace Christ bestowed to humanity is even more.  This would be hard to accept if that grace did not reach all humanity.  Since I am not a universalist (clearly the rest of Scripture makes very plain that many humans are condemned), the only clear answer is that Christ's grace reaches all humanity and the sin and guilt that were ours as a result of Adam's sin and the evil of this world have been overcome by Christ. 

More significantly, partial depravity is made clear by the bulk of the evangelistic teaching of the NT.  Rather than list all the verses, let me just say that it is clear that the NT implies that ALL humanity have the capability to understand and respond to the Gospel.  Indeed, they are held accountable if they do not!  How can such an accounting take place if someone truly does not have the capability of responding due to their "dead" spiritual state?  That would be like me getting angry because a corpse does not respond when I call his/her name.  The very fact that the Bible expects sinners to hear and repent implies they have the capability to do so. 

 

TOTAL DEPRAVITY

I am out of time, but I will try to address some key verses for this doctrine in the future and why I think they are misunderstood. As for now, let me just say that its hard to give rationale as to why someone does not accept a doctrine.  The fact that I think the NT doesn't teach it is sufficient in itself.  It should be up to the TD proponents to justify their position.  Nevertheless, I will address their key verses perhaps later on tonight if time permits.


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#18
justaname

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Here is my support for partial depravity and biblical argument against total depravity:

 

PARTIAL DEPRAVITY

Adam's sin had physical effects on all his progeny (arduous labor, pain in childbirth, physical death) - Genesis 3:16-19

We are by nature children of wrath (Eph. 2:3) (note: this verse does NOT speak of divine appointment as the cause for this label.  Rather, Eph. 2:1 refers to the person's sins they have committed, not Adam's sin and guilt passed down to that person).

The work of Christ was MORE significant than Adam's sin.  The idea that the grace of Christ only reaches to a small group of pre-elect individuals goes against the clear teaching of Romans 5:12-19.  These verses make it very clear that as bad as the evil that Adam committed and its subsequent consequences, the grace Christ bestowed to humanity is even more.  This would be hard to accept if that grace did not reach all humanity.  Since I am not a universalist (clearly the rest of Scripture makes very plain that many humans are condemned), the only clear answer is that Christ's grace reaches all humanity and the sin and guilt that were ours as a result of Adam's sin and the evil of this world have been overcome by Christ. 

More significantly, partial depravity is made clear by the bulk of the evangelistic teaching of the NT.  Rather than list all the verses, let me just say that it is clear that the NT implies that ALL humanity have the capability to understand and respond to the Gospel.  Indeed, they are held accountable if they do not!  How can such an accounting take place if someone truly does not have the capability of responding due to their "dead" spiritual state?  That would be like me getting angry because a corpse does not respond when I call his/her name.  The very fact that the Bible expects sinners to hear and repent implies they have the capability to do so. 

 

TOTAL DEPRAVITY

I am out of time, but I will try to address some key verses for this doctrine in the future and why I think they are misunderstood. As for now, let me just say that its hard to give rationale as to why someone does not accept a doctrine.  The fact that I think the NT doesn't teach it is sufficient in itself.  It should be up to the TD proponents to justify their position.  Nevertheless, I will address their key verses perhaps later on tonight if time permits.

 

Romans 5:16-17 contextually satisfies what the apostle is conveying concerning Christ's work being more significant than Adam's sin.  One sin brought about judgment in which God is glorified, but the work of Jesus produced a free gift that abounds in glory. The gift, that arose from many transgressions, is righteousness resulting in justification.  How much more glorious is this work of Christ!  The reconciliation Christ achieved is available to all men (John 3:17).

 

Concerning the gospel response it is clear the NT implies all humanity are responsible for their choice concerning the Gospel (John 3:18).  The capacity or ability for men to accept the Gospel is there, evidenced that some do believe, but the natural desire of man is to reject the God (John 3:20, Matthew 23:37) because man is evil even from his youth (Genesis 8:21, Psalm 58:3, Matthew 7:11). 

 

1 Corinthians 12:3b

and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.

 

Here is a cut and paste from:

http://traviscarden....vity-verse-list

 

Can the natural man comprehend the gospel or come to saving knowledge of God on his own?

  • 1 Corinthians 2:14 - The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.
  • 2 Corinthians 4:3-4 - our gospel is veiled… to those who are perishing. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:18,21-24 - For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe. For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles
  • Deuteronomy 29:2-4 - And Moses summoned all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land, the great trials that your eyes saw, the signs, and those great wonders. But to this day the Lord has not given you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear.”
  • Matthew 11:27 - “no one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

c.f. Psalm 119:18; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 42:6-7; Hosea 14:9; Matthew 16:17; John 8:43; Acts 22:14, 26:18; Ephesians 4:17-19; 2 Corinthians 2:15-16; 2 Corinthians 4:3-4; 1 John 5:20;

 

 

Can men of themselves accept God’s gift of salvation? Do men choose God or come to Him on their own?
  • John 3:27 - John answered, “A person cannot receive even one thing unless it is given him from heaven.”
  • John 14:16-17 - “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him.”
  • John 1:12-13 - But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.
  • John 6:44,65 - “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day.” And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.”
  • Romans 9:16 - So then it depends not on human will or exertion, but on God, who has mercy.
  • Romans 11:35-36 - “Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?” For from him and through him and to him are all things.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:30 - And because of him you are in Christ Jesus
  • Philippians 2:13 - for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

c.f. Jonah 2:9; Zephaniah 3:9; John 15:16; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Philippians 1:6; James 1:18


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You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment. The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.

#19
brokentuningfork

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Based on my testimony of how I came to salvation it is true. Short version:

Born Catholic, became athiest in high school because of bad job by parents teaching me about God and catholic church too. Hated God, was living in total sin. I never even once ever thought of coming to God, not even once and when people mentioned God or Jesus I would get angry and want to drop kick them. But when I became 19 it seems that God took inrerest in me because there was a "cloud of many witnesses" all coming to me and sharing the gospel with me, it's like God was coming after me and hunting me down, I was very stubborn though. I had to reach rock bottom and have a nervous breakdown before I finally gave in and repented and gave my life completly to Him.

There is a balance here. God won't take us by force, he patiently waits for us to come to Him but it is def' true that He is the One who does the initiating work and He does not give up until He gets His prize. If it wasn't for Him initiating and coming after me, and then not giving up even when I was stubborn then I'd still be lost for sure. Thank God for His grace.
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Pornography addiction is a real thing even in the church, silence on this topic is binding down many christians and depriving Jesus from a lot of his believers testimonies of repentance and restoration. God has been working in my life growing me slowly like a tree in baby steps. Here is a song that I wrote, fruit of this work God is doing in my life. If you are struggling with porn addiction, have a listen and see if it helps my brothers:  Song


#20
FHII

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Isaiah 64:6 is dealing with the fundamental principle that we are all sinners. It does not speak of good works.

 

How can we reconcile Isaiah 64:6 or any other scriptures that deals with sin with Mark 14:6 and 1Timothy 3:1 which reads:

 

Mark 14:6

And Jesus said, Let her alone; why trouble ye her? she hath wrought a good work on me.

 

1 Timothy 3:1

This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work.

 

 

To God Be The Glory

 

 

All OUR righteousness is as filthy rags.  Good Works are God's.  If you look at when God uses the term "Good works" it 11 out of 12 time it's speaking of things either God does or we do in service of God (as prescribed by him).


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#21
StanJ

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There's no doubt that some humans are totally depraved and as such scripture identifies some of them but as a petal of the tulip doctrine it is not upheld in Scripture.
Matthew 7
7 “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened. 9 Is there anyone among you who, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake? 11 If you then, although you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!
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Be diligent to present yourself approved to God, a worker who doesn't need to be ashamed, correctly teaching the word of truth. 2 Tim 2:15 (NIV)

Let your conversation be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone. Col 4:6 (NIV)

 


#22
justaname

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There's no doubt that some humans are totally depraved and as such scripture identifies some of them but as a petal of the tulip doctrine it is not upheld in Scripture.
Matthew 7
7 “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened. 9 Is there anyone among you who, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake? 11 If you then, although you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!


This verse speaks nothing to the depravity of man.

This verse describes the willingness of God, yet speaks nothing to the willingness of man.
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You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment. The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.

#23
OzSpen

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There's no doubt that some humans are totally depraved and as such scripture identifies some of them but as a petal of the tulip doctrine it is not upheld in Scripture.
Matthew 7
7 “Ask and it will be given to you; seek and you will find; knock and the door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened. 9 Is there anyone among you who, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake? 11 If you then, although you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!

 

Stan,

 

I need your help to see how Matt 7:7-11 relates to depravity or non-depravity. Am I missing something?

 

Who are the 'some humans' who are 'totally depraved'. Where does Scripture support that idea?

 

Oz


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#24
OzSpen

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Romans 5:16-17 contextually satisfies what the apostle is conveying concerning Christ's work being more significant than Adam's sin.  One sin brought about judgment in which God is glorified, but the work of Jesus produced a free gift that abounds in glory. The gift, that arose from many transgressions, is righteousness resulting in justification.  How much more glorious is this work of Christ!  The reconciliation Christ achieved is available to all men (John 3:17).

 

Concerning the gospel response it is clear the NT implies all humanity are responsible for their choice concerning the Gospel (John 3:18).  The capacity or ability for men to accept the Gospel is there, evidenced that some do believe, but the natural desire of man is to reject the God (John 3:20, Matthew 23:37) because man is evil even from his youth (Genesis 8:21, Psalm 58:3, Matthew 7:11). 

 

1 Corinthians 12:3b

and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.

 

Here is a cut and paste from:

http://traviscarden....vity-verse-list

 

Can the natural man comprehend the gospel or come to saving knowledge of God on his own?

  • 1 Corinthians 2:14 - The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.
  • 2 Corinthians 4:3-4 - our gospel is veiled… to those who are perishing. In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:18,21-24 - For the word of the cross is folly to those who are perishing, but to us who are being saved it is the power of God. For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe. For Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified, a stumbling block to Jews and folly to Gentiles
  • Deuteronomy 29:2-4 - And Moses summoned all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land, the great trials that your eyes saw, the signs, and those great wonders. But to this day the Lord has not given you a heart to understand or eyes to see or ears to hear.”
  • Matthew 11:27 - “no one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

c.f. Psalm 119:18; Proverbs 4:19; Isaiah 42:6-7; Hosea 14:9; Matthew 16:17; John 8:43; Acts 22:14, 26:18; Ephesians 4:17-19; 2 Corinthians 2:15-16; 2 Corinthians 4:3-4; 1 John 5:20;

 

 

Can men of themselves accept God’s gift of salvation? Do men choose God or come to Him on their own?
  • John 3:27 - John answered, “A person cannot receive even one thing unless it is given him from heaven.”
  • John 14:16-17 - “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him.”
  • John 1:12-13 - But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.
  • John 6:44,65 - “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day.” And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.”
  • Romans 9:16 - So then it depends not on human will or exertion, but on God, who has mercy.
  • Romans 11:35-36 - “Or who has given a gift to him that he might be repaid?” For from him and through him and to him are all things.
  • 1 Corinthians 1:30 - And because of him you are in Christ Jesus
  • Philippians 2:13 - for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

c.f. Jonah 2:9; Zephaniah 3:9; John 15:16; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Philippians 1:6; James 1:18

 

 

justaname,

 

You seem to have missed out one important verse from Jesus: 'And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself' (John 12:32 NIV).

 

Oz


Edited by OzSpen, 12 January 2017 - 12:15 AM.

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#25
justaname

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justaname,

You seem to have missed out one important verse from Jesus: 'And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself' (John 12:32 NIV).

Oz

Context directs Jesus is speaking about judgement in this verse. All men will stand before the Judge.

31 Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out.
32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself." - John 12:31-32

Continuing in the thread of judgement, Jesus does say He does not judge the nonbeliever (12:47) yet He follows by qualifying...

48 The one who rejects me and does not receive my words has a judge; the word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day.
49 For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment-what to say and what to speak. - John 12:48-49

Jesus atones for sin, but unbelief condemns. All men will stand before their Maker and give an account. All things were created through Jesus. Again without question Jesus is speaking about judgement and His authority.


Speaking more to the subject of the human condition the chapter continues...

37 Though he had done so many signs before them, they still did not believe in him,
38 so that the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: "Lord, who has believed what he heard from us, and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?"
39 Therefore they could not believe. For again Isaiah said,
40 "He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them." - John 12:37-40

Zero in on verse 39...

The gospel is veiled to those who are perishing. It is our commission to be salt and light in this dark world. We continue to give witness and testimony to the glory God has yet to reveal in which we who believe are partakers. We in ourselves are powerless in bringing about belief for in our unbelief the Gospel is folly. Yet in His mercy some do come to belief despite ourselves. God is no respecter of persons, therefore all creeds and colors, all social classes both great and small, people from every nation will come. But none can come unless it is granted by the Father. The Gospel is glory to those who believe, and condemnation to those who do not.

Glory be to God in the highest.
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You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and foremost commandment. The second is like it, ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets.

#26
OzSpen

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Context directs Jesus is speaking about judgement in this verse. All men will stand before the Judge.

31 Now is the judgment of this world; now will the ruler of this world be cast out.
32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself." - John 12:31-32

Continuing in the thread of judgement, Jesus does say He does not judge the nonbeliever (12:47) yet He follows by qualifying...

48 The one who rejects me and does not receive my words has a judge; the word that I have spoken will judge him on the last day.
49 For I have not spoken on my own authority, but the Father who sent me has himself given me a commandment-what to say and what to speak. - John 12:48-49

Jesus atones for sin, but unbelief condemns. All men will stand before their Maker and give an account. All things were created through Jesus. Again without question Jesus is speaking about judgement and His authority.


Speaking more to the subject of the human condition the chapter continues...

37 Though he had done so many signs before them, they still did not believe in him,
38 so that the word spoken by the prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled: "Lord, who has believed what he heard from us, and to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?"
39 Therefore they could not believe. For again Isaiah said,
40 "He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them." - John 12:37-40

Zero in on verse 39...

The gospel is veiled to those who are perishing. It is our commission to be salt and light in this dark world. We continue to give witness and testimony to the glory God has yet to reveal in which we who believe are partakers. We in ourselves are powerless in bringing about belief for in our unbelief the Gospel is folly. Yet in His mercy some do come to belief despite ourselves. God is no respecter of persons, therefore all creeds and colors, all social classes both great and small, people from every nation will come. But none can come unless it is granted by the Father. The Gospel is glory to those who believe, and condemnation to those who do not.

Glory be to God in the highest.

 

justaname,

 

John 12:31-33 (NIV) states, 'Now is the time for judgment on this world; now the prince of this world will be driven out. 32 And I, when I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself.” 33 He said this to show the kind of death he was going to die'.

 

Krisis (judgment) is spoken of also in John 3:17, 19-21; 5:22-30; 7:24; 8:16. While there will be judgment coming at the consummation of the age, these references that I've just given demonstrate that judgment began with Christ's first coming. Since he is 'the light of the world' (John 8:12 NIV), those who follow Jesus will never walk in darkness. The rest walk in darkness - a judgment.

 

This judgment that Jesus began with his first coming forced a division between those who pursued evil deeds and those who accepted and embraced the light. In a similar fashion, Jesus' death and resurrection (passion/glorification) draws people to himself (John 12:32 NIV) but it is also demonstrating 'judgment on this world' - not the last judgment, but judgment by rejecting the Son, which was rejecting God Himself (see John 5:23 NIV)

 

Remember the judgment expressed in John 5:24 (NIV), 'Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life'. This is judgment in this world that was inaugurated by Christ's death and resurrection and the bringing of eternal life to those who believe.

 

At the cross, the world thought capital punishment judgment was being passed on Jesus but in the cross, Jesus was passing judgment on the world of sinners who were in rebellion against God.

 

So, commentator D A Carson, could write about John 12:31 (NIV), as context for John 12:32, 'Now is the time for judgment on this world',

 

 

Thus Jesus’ passion/glorification signifies judgment both positively and negatively. As far as “the world” is concerned, however, it can only be negative. There can be no further reprieve, for there can be no hope for those who reject the one Person whose death/exaltation is the epiphany of God’s gracious, saving self-disclosure (Carson 1991:443).

 

Therefore, John 12:32 (NIV) is affirming Jesus' drawing all people to himself, in a judgment associated with his first coming, and believing or not believing in Him,

 

Oz

 

Works consulted

 

Carson, D A 1991. The Gospel according to John. Leicester, England / Grand Rapids, Michigan: Inter-Varsity Press / William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.


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#27
NetChaplain

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I believe Total Depravity is in reference to the nature of man which is inherent from Adam, and "is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be" (Rom 8:7). This is the purpose of a completely different nature, for the Adamic nature cannot change!

 

Blessings!


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The Christian life is not our living a life like Christ, or our trying to be Christ-like, nor is it Christ giving us the power to live a life like His; but it is Christ Himself living His own life through us; 'no longer I, but Christ.'"  MJS 
 


#28
OzSpen

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I believe Total Depravity is in reference to the nature of man which is inherent from Adam, and "is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be" (Rom 8:7). This is the purpose of a completely different nature, for the Adamic nature cannot change!

 

Blessings!

 

Are you saying that your view of the Adamic nature has no association with 2 Cor 5:17 (ESV): 'Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come'?


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#29
NetChaplain

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Are you saying that your view of the Adamic nature has no association with 2 Cor 5:17 (ESV): 'Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come'?

Hi OS - The phrase "passed away" in this passage is in reference to the sinful nature's guilt association and its "reign" and dominion" (Rom 6:12, 14). The old man is only restrained by crucifixion from these activities (Rom 6:6), not eradicated from the believer.

Eradication would mean we have no more sin, which would result in never sinning again, which of course is not truth.

 

Blessings!


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The Christian life is not our living a life like Christ, or our trying to be Christ-like, nor is it Christ giving us the power to live a life like His; but it is Christ Himself living His own life through us; 'no longer I, but Christ.'"  MJS 
 


#30
OzSpen

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Hi OS - The phrase "passed away" in this passage is in reference to the sinful nature's guilt association and its "reign" and dominion" (Rom 6:12, 14). The old man is only restrained by crucifixion from these activities (Rom 6:6), not eradicated from the believer.

Eradication would mean we have no more sin, which would result in never sinning again, which of course is not truth.

 

Blessings!

 

Hi OS - The phrase "passed away" in this passage is in reference to the sinful nature's guilt association and its "reign" and dominion" (Rom 6:12, 14). The old man is only restrained by crucifixion from these activities (Rom 6:6), not eradicated from the believer.

Eradication would mean we have no more sin, which would result in never sinning again, which of course is not truth.

 

Blessings!

Your interpretation of the sinful nature's guilt association' being 'passed away' is nowhere mentioned in 2 Cor 5:17. That's your imposition on the text.

 

What do these two verses from Romans 6:6-7 (NIV) teach? 'For we know that our old self was crucified with him so that the body ruled by sin might be done away with, that we should no longer be slaves to sin— because anyone who has died has been set free from sin'.

 

So how can the 'old self' be 'set free from sin' when you and I know that the believer continues to sin and needs to seek forgiveness from God and people for that sin? I think verse 6 answers that question: The Christian should no longer be 'slaves to sin', i.e. unable to do anything else but sin because of a commitment to continue sinning. That's my understanding of diabolos - (slave), infinitive form in Rom 6:6 (NIV).

 

Oz


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