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Commentary on Romans.

Discussion in 'Christian Theology Forum' started by justbyfaith, Oct 3, 2018.

  1. justbyfaith

    justbyfaith Well-Known Member

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    Romans 1:1, Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh:

    The author of this epistle is Paul the apostle. The word, "servant' in the next sentence is doulos, which means bondservant, or bondslave. It is a reference back to Exodus 21:1-6, wherein it is written that after six years of service, if a slave loves his wife, family, and master more than the idea of freedom, he can have his ear pierced to the door with an awl and he will be the slave of that master for ever. A parallel passage is John 6:66-71, wherein (interestingly enough), John 6:66 speaks of how many disciples who followed Jesus went back and followed Him no more. By my calculations the number of the Beast means rejecting Jesus Christ completely after having been a Christian for many years. If anyone tells you that chapter and verse aren't inspired, show them this verse and then tell them to go and read Proverbs 32. Now Peter in the passage I am referring to said to the Lord, "To whom shall we go? You alone have the words of eternal life." We come to a place in our walk where we are faced with a decision to either become surrendered to Him for the rest of our lives (eternity) or to follow Him no more forever; and this is an eternal decision.

    Paul was called to be an apostle and separated unto the gospel of God. He wrote in Galatians 1 that he was called from his mother's womb; a similar testimony that the prophet Jeremiah also had. Predestination is a huge subject in modern theological doctrine; and I happen to believe in it. When I first heard of Calvin in my history book in elementary school, it was said that Calvin's primary contribution was concerning the subject of predestination. Now predestination is not only concerning salvation; but concerning a number of other things. In Jude 1:3-4 it is shown that certain false teachers, who preach grace as a license for sin (NIV), turn the grace of our God into lasciviousness and deny the only Lord God even our Lord Jesus Christ (kjv), their condemnation was marked out long ago (forordained, kjv). Predestination is also a basic truth in the nature of God's transcendence; He is outside of time, and therefore when He intervenes in human affairs, it is done from the perspective of eternity: both from before the foundation of the world and at the end of all things and everything in between; except from the perspective of not being bound to finite means of accomplishment. Now the word separated means holy; and to be separated unto the gospel of God means being called to the ministry, even of holiness, if you get my drift.

    Now this good news (the gospel of God) was promised before Jesus ever came to earth through the writings of the Old Testament prophets. Scripture passages in particular that stand out are Psalms 22 and Isaiah 53, which are specific prophecies that bear witness to the crucifixion. In Psalms 22, the very first line was spoken by Jesus, only in the Aramaic language, while he was dying on the Cross. Also the bodily suffering of crucifixion is described very adequately in verses throughout the chapter. Jesus spoke from the Cross, "I thirst" in fulfillment of a prophecy in that chapter. Isaiah 53 is considered to be a prophecy about the suffering of the Jewish people for other nations by most Jewish scholars (if they will handle it correctly this is the conclusion they should make if they are going to deny that it is about our Lord); the suffering servant of Isaiah dies for the sins of the world and if this refers to the Jewish people then anti-semitism has validity in that the Jews are supposed to die for the rest of the world. However I do not believe that this is the case, as I was circumcised the eighth day myself although my mother never told me specifically that I was Jewish (perhaps in order to keep me from being persecuted for my lineage); she did however tell me that there were parts of my nationality that were unknown (other than 1/2 Italian, some Norweigian, and 1/16 Cherokee) and therefore I identify with the Jewish people at the very least as a kind of Samaritan halfbreed according to what in the days of the New Testament was considered to be true of those who were only part Jewish. But I have digressed. What is the gospel of God? It is that Jew and Gentile alike can be redeemed by the sacrifice of a lamb that was completely innocent in the place of them for their sake as their sins are transferred to the lamb and the innocence of the lamb is applied to their account (see John chapter 1).

    Now this gospel is concerning God's Son Jesus Christ our Lord; who came and died on a Cross approximately 2,000 years ago (at the time of this writing) and also was risen from the dead by God the Father. Jesus also claimed that He had power to lay down His life and power to take it up again and that He had received that commandment from the Father.

    The crucifixion and resurrection is a historical fact and the world has never been the same since this occurence happened. Some say that Jesus was the greatest moral teacher who ever lived. C.S. Lewis set forth the proposition that since Jesus claimed to be God (John 8:24, John 8:58) and the Pharisees understood His claim well enough to pick up stones to stone Him for blasphemy (John 8:59, John 10:31-33), that this idea of Him being a great moral teacher cannot be unless He is indeed who He claimed to be (Now please read Matthew 5-7). Either He was a lunatic on the level of someone who thinks he is a poached egg, or He is a liar on the level of the devil of hell; or else He is the Lord and the God who created all of us as it is at the very least implied in John 1:1-3 and John 1:14.

    Now Jesus was made of the seed of David according to the flesh. This means his lineage was of David. In Matthew chapter 1, and in Luke chapter 4, two different genealogies are given of Jesus' ancestry and one of them is only concerning Jesus' true stepfather Joseph; for His Father was the God who created all of us. In the concept of the Trinity, the Father descends to take on human form and this Person that comes into being who is wholly God and wholly man is called the Son of God, identified as the 2nd Person of the Trinity. When Jesus releases His Spirit back to the Father, the person of Jesus' Spirit is given the title the Holy Ghost. See John 4:23-24 and John 14:7-11 for details. Also Ephesians 4:4.

    Now the fact that Jesus is made according to the seed of David is to the Jehovah's Witness an evidence that Jesus is not the Lord God. However Isaiah 45:11 indicates that Jehovah God indeed has a Maker and I perceive this to mean that in the flesh Jesus had a created body. The Holy Spirit became one with the egg in the womb of the virgin Mary in the conception of Jesus. Now it is said in certain circles that sin is carried down DNA-wise through the father 's seed and not the mother's egg. Therefore since Jesus' Father was not human but the only Divine Creator, Jesus was sinless as a human being. Now since I believe in the entire sanctification of the believer (see 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24, Hebrews 10:14, 1 John 1:9, Romans 6:6, Colossians 2:11), it is possible that there was an immaculate conception in my view (except that Mary lived before the Cross). However, I believe that sounder doctrine indicates to us that all have sinned and come short of the glory of God; and also that if we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves and the truth is not in us. Therefore the only One who can accurately claim to be without sin is God.
     
    Last edited: Oct 15, 2018 at 9:56 PM
  2. justbyfaith

    justbyfaith Well-Known Member

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    Romans 1:4-7, And declared to be the Son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead. 5 By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faith among all nations, for his name: 6 Among whom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ. 7 To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ.

    There are only a few things I want to touch on here. First of all, obedience to the faith. If a person believes in Jesus Christ they are a new creature in Christ; and their obedient lives will become evident to those watching them. When we truly place our faith in Jesus we also place our faith in His teachings; and Jesus gave us the crux of His teachings on morality in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7). He spoke the word that if anyone hears His teachings in the Sermon on the Mount and obeys them, they are like a wise man building his house upon a rock: and the winds came, and the storms blew, and they beat on that house; and it did not fall because it was founded on the rock. But if anyone hears His teachings and does not obey them, he is like a foolish man, which built his house on the sand, and the storms of life beat upon that house and it fell, and great was the fall of it. Perhaps in contrast, Jesus is the foundation that was laid by Paul in 1 Corinthians 3; and this seeming contradiction is reconciled by the above statements that if we believe in Jesus and have received Him as our Lord and Saviour, we will do our best in the power of the Holy Ghost to obey His teachings in the Sermon on the Mount. We can indeed love our enemies if the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts through the Holy Ghost (Romans 5:5). Now there is also a parallel passage in Romans 16:26, where it talks about the obedience of faith. The obedience of faith is the obedience that results out of a heart of faith. The apostle James says very clearly in his epistle that faith without works is dead. Therefore a living and saving faith is a faith that produces works. However we are saved by a living faith alone in Jesus Christ. Again, I emphasize that simply believing in Jesus apart from attempting to earn one's salvation through self-effort in an attempt to save one's self is the way to salvation; and that this simple faith will change the heart of the believer so that works will definitely follow if it is not a thief-on-the-cross situation.

    It is commonly touted in the Calvary Chapel Movement that grace always comes before peace and I am not inclined to argue with that statement. Grace does indeed always come before peace and it is indeed of five definitions that I can think of.

    Grace is:

    1) Unmerited Favour;

    2) Getting what we don't deserve (heaven); as opposed to mercy, which is not getting what we do deserve (hell);

    3) The enabling power of the Lord;

    4) God's Riches At Christ's Expense; and,

    5) Goodness Rendered As Christ Empowers.

    There are two kinds of peace spoken of in the word:

    1) Peace with God (Romans 5:1).

    2) The peace of God, which transcends all understanding, which will guard our hearts and minds in Christ Jesus (Philippians 4:6-7), the condition of that promise being that we are careful (anxious) for nothing but that in everything by prayer and supplication we make our requests known unto the Lord.
     
    Last edited: Oct 17, 2018 at 6:29 PM
  3. farouk

    farouk Active Member

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    Romans is a tremendous epistle! :)

    Psalm 40 also develops the bonservant theme, Messianically: 'Mine ears hast Thou opened' (Hebrews: 'opened' = digged, i.e., pierced).
     
    Last edited: Oct 15, 2018 at 9:07 PM
  4. H. Richard

    H. Richard Well-Known Member

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    I disagree with the how you define "obedience to the faith".

    To some this means obedience to keep the law and that is where your opinion leads too. IMHO it means a person keeping their faith, belief, trust, and confidence in the gospel of grace where it is a fact that Jesus atoned (paid) for all the sins of those that believe it did. In other words trusting in Jesus' atonement on the cross+ nothing.

    Will a person who is saved do good works? I think yes, they will, but it isn't keeping the law, It is teaching about God's grace so that God can add others in Christ.

    1 Cor 12:27-31
    27 Now you are the body of Christ, and members individually.
    28 And God has appointed these in the church: first apostles, second prophets, third teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, administrations, varieties of tongues.
    29 Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Are all workers of miracles?
    30 Do all have gifts of healings? Do all speak with tongues? Do all interpret?
    31 But earnestly desire the best gifts. And yet I show you a more excellent way.
    NKJV

    Your opinion, and that is all that it is, obedience is keeping the law and that is not found in the above.

    Eph 4:11-12
    11 And He Himself gave some to be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, and some pastors and teachers,
    12 for the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ,
    NKJV

    1 Tim 1:6-7
    6 from which some, having strayed, have turned aside to idle talk,
    7 desiring to be teachers of the law, understanding neither what they say nor the things which they affirm.
    NKJV

    Rom 1:5
    5 Through Him we have received grace and apostleship for obedience to the faith among all nations for His name,
    NKJV

    Doesn't say obedience to the law.

    Rom 16:26
    26 but now made manifest, and by the prophetic Scriptures made known to all nations, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, for obedience to the faith —
    NKJV

    Doesn't say obedience to the law.

    You all know where I stand. It is in the obedience to the work of the cross where God made a plan of salvation that saves sinner, the ungodly, who are looking for God's work to save them. And it does for all who will believe it.

    But the religious say it only does for them that can save themselves by not sinning. The power of salvation is in Jesus, not in man's works.
     
  5. justbyfaith

    justbyfaith Well-Known Member

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    Obedience to the faith = surrender to the Lordship of Jesus Christ. It means receiving His love into our hearts that we might live according to it (Romans 5:5).

    Now love is the fulfilling of the law (Romans 13:8-10, Romans 8:4, 1 John 5:3, 2 John 1:6).

    So then, we receive the Holy Spirit by faith (Galatians 2:14) and we receive the love of God through the Holy Spirit (Romans 5:5). And this love is never in word or in tongue only, but is in deed and in truth (1 John 3:17-18).

    Therefore obedience to the gospel results in obeying the specific things that Jesus preached we ought to obey in the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew chapters 5-7) and the Sermon on the Plain (Luke 6:20-49). The apostle James advised us, But be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves. (James 1:22). The Sermons that I mention were the core of Jesus' teaching on moral uprightness and purity; and while obeying them technically is not salvational, if we are truly saved we will obey them. Of course we must never stumble at the stumblingstone of thinking that we can save ourselves by obedience to the tenets found in those moral teachings. We are saved completely and solely through the Cross of Jesus Christ, even His finished work; and as the result we live according to the love of the Lord (Romans 5:5) which is identified specifically by the moral teachings found in the Sermons in question.

    While obedience to the gospel, in itself, might be identified as receiving Jesus Christ as Lord and Saviour; and thus His love into your heart and life.

    Also, the law of God is written in the hearts and minds of those who will be subjects of the grace of God under the New Covenant (Hebrews 8:8-10, Hebrews 10:16); the righteousness of the law is fulfilled in those who walk not after the flesh but after the Spirit (Romans 8:4); and those who are spiritually-minded are subject in their minds to the law of the Lord (Romans 8:7).
     
    Last edited: Oct 17, 2018 at 8:15 PM
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